Feoh byth frofur fira gehwylcum
sceal dheah manna gehwylc miclun hyt daelan
gif he wile for drihtne domes hleotan
Ur byth anmod ond oferhyrned
felafrecne deor feohteþ mid hornum
maere morstapa thaet is modig wuht
Dhorn byth dhearle scearp dhegna gehwylcum
anfeng ys yfyl ungemetum rethe
manna gehwelcum dhe him mid restedhdh
Os byth ordfruma aelere spraece
wisdomes wrathu ond witena frofur
and eorla gehwam eadnys ond tohiht
Rad byth on recyde rinca gehwylcum
sefte ond swithhwaet dhamdhdhe sitteth on ufan
meare maegenheardum ofer milpathas
Cen byth cwicera gehwam, cuth on fyre
blac ond beorhtlic, byrneth oftust
dhaer hi aedhelingas inne restath
Gyfu gumena byth gleng and herenys
wrathu and wyrthscype and wraecna gehwam
ar and aetwist dhe byth othra leas
Wenne bruceth dhe can weana lyt
sares and sorge and him sylfa haefth
blaed and blysse and eac byrga geniht
Haegl byth hwitust corna hwyrft
hit of heofones lyfte
wealcath hit windes scura weortheth
hit to waetere sydhdhan
Nyd byth nearu on breostan weortheth
hi theah oft nitha bearnum
to helpe and to haele gehwaethre gif
hi his hlystath aeror
Is byth ofereald ungemetum slidor
glisnath glaeshluttur gimmum gelicust
flor forste geworuht faeger ansyne
Ger byth gumena hiht dhonne God laeteth
halig heofones cyning, hrusan syllan
beorhte bleda beornum ond dhearfum
Eoh byth utan unsmethe treow
heard hrusan faest hyrde fyres
wyrtrumun underwrethyd wyn on ethle
Peordh byth symble plega and hlehter
wlancum on middum dhar wigan sittath
on beorsele blithe aetsomne
Eolh-secg eard haefth oftust on fenne
wexedh on wature wundath grimme
blode brenedh beorna gehwylcne
dhe him aenigne onfeng gedeth
Sigel semannum symble bith on hihte
dhonne hi hine feriath ofer fisces beth
oth hi brimhengest bringeth to lande
Tir bith tacna sum healdedh trywa wel
with aethelingas a bith on faerylde
ofer nihta genipu, naefre swiceth
Beorc byth bleda leas bereth efne swa dheah
tanas butan tudder bith on telgum wlitig
heah on helme hrysted faegere
geloden leafum lyfte getenge
Eh byth for eorlum aethelinga wyn
hors hofum wlanc dhær him hæleth ymbe
welege on wicgum wrixlath spraece
and bith unstyllum aefre frofur
Man byth on myrgthe his magan leof:
sceal theah anra gehwylc odhrum swican
fordhum drihten wyle dome sine
thaet earme flaesc eorþan betaecan
Lagu byth leodum langsum gethuht
gif hi sculun nethan on nacan tealtum
and hi saeyþa swythe bregath
and se brimhengest bridles ne gymedh
Ing waes aerest mid East-Denum
gesewen secgun o he sidhdhan est
ofer waeg gewat waen aefter ran
dhus Heardingas dhone haele nemdun
Ethel byth oferleof aeghwylcum men
gif he mot dhaer rihtes and gerysena on
brucan on bolde bleadum oftast
Daeg byth drihtnes sond, deore mannum,
maere metodes leoht, myrgth and tohiht
eadgum and earmum eallum brice
Ac byth on eorthan elda bearnum
flaesces fodor fereth gelome
ofer ganotes baeth garsecg fandath
hwaether ac haebbe aeþele treowe
Aesc bith oferheah eldum dyre
stith on stathule stede rihte hylt,
dheah him feohtan on firas monige
Yr byth aethelinga and eorla gehwaes
wyn and wyrthmynd, byth on wicge faeger
faestlic on faerelde fyrdgeatewa sum
Iar byth eafix and dheah a bruceth
fodres on foldan, hafath faegerne eard
wætre beworpen dhaer he wynnum leofath
Ear byth egle eorla gehwylcun
dhonne faestlice flaesc onginneth
hraw colian hrusan ceosan
blac to gebeddan bleda gedreosath
wynna gewitath wera geswicath
--- Modern English Translation ---
"Wealth" is a comfort to all men;
yet must every man bestow it freely,
if he wish to gain honour in the sight of the Lord.
The "aurochs" is proud and has great horns;
it is a very savage beast and fights with its horns;
a great ranger of the moors, it is a creature of mettle.
The "thorn" is exceedingly sharp,
an evil thing for any knight to touch,
uncommonly severe on all who sit among them.
The "mouth" is the source of all language,
a pillar of wisdom and a comfort to wise men,
a blessing and a joy to every knight.
"Riding" seems easy to every warrior while he is indoors
and very courageous to him who traverses the high-roads
on the back of a stout horse.
The "torch" is known to every living man by its pale,
it always burns where princes sit within.
"Generosity" brings credit and honour, which support one's dignity;
it furnishes help and subsistence
to all broken men who are devoid of aught else.
"Bliss" he enjoys who knows not suffering,
sorrow nor anxiety,
and has prosperity and happiness
and a good enough house.
"Hail" is the whitest of grain;
it is whirled from the vault of heaven
and is tossed about by gusts of wind
and then it melts into water.
"Trouble" is oppressive to the heart;
yet often it proves a source of help and salvation
to the children of men, to everyone who heeds it betimes.
"Ice" is very cold and immeasurably slippery;
it glistens as clear as glass and most like to gems;
it is a floor wrought by the frost, fair to look upon.
"Summer" is a joy to men, when God,
the holy King of Heaven,
suffers the earth to bring forth shining fruits
for rich and poor alike.
The "yew" is a tree with rough bark,
hard and fast in the earth, supported by its roots,
a guardian of flame and a joy upon an estate.
Peorth is a source of recreation and amusement to the great,
where warriors sit blithely together in the banqueting-hall.
The "Eolh-sedge" is mostly to be found in a marsh;
it grows in the water and makes a ghastly wound,
covering with blood every warrior who touches it.
The "sun" is ever a joy in the hopes of seafarers
when they journey away over the fishes' bath,
until the courser of the deep bears them to land.
"Tiw" is a guiding star; well does it keep faith with princes;
it is ever on its course over the mists of night and never fails.
The "poplar" bears no fruit; yet without seed it brings forth suckers,
for it is generated from its leaves.
Splendid are its branches and gloriously adorned
its lofty crown which reaches to the skies.
The "horse" is a joy to princes in the presence of warriors.
A steed in the pride of its hoofs,
when rich men on horseback bandy words about it;
and it is ever a source of comfort to the restless.
The "joyous" man is dear to his kinsmen;
yet every man is doomed to fail his fellow,
since the Lord by his decree will commit
the vile carrion to the earth.
The "ocean" seems interminable to men,
if they venture on the rolling bark
and the waves of the sea terrify them
and the courser of the deep heed not its bridle.
"Ing" was first seen by men among the East-Danes,
till, followed by his chariot,
he departed eastwards over the waves.
So the Heardingas named the hero.
An "estate" is very dear to every man,
if he can enjoy there in his house
whatever is right and proper in constant prosperity.
"Day", the glorious light of the Creator, is sent by the Lord;
it is beloved of men, a source of hope and happiness
to rich and poor,
and of service to all.
The "oak" fattens the flesh of pigs for the children of men.
Often it traverses the gannet's bath,
and the ocean proves whether the oak keeps faith
in honourable fashion.
The "ash" is exceedingly high and precious to men.
With its sturdy trunk it offers a stubborn resistance,
though attacked by many a man.
"Yr" is a source of joy and honour to every prince and knight;
it looks well on a horse and is a reliable equipment for a journey.
"Iar" is a river fish and yet it always feeds on land;
it has a fair abode encompassed by water, where it lives in happiness.
The "grave" is horrible to every knight,
when the corpse quickly begins to cool
and is laid in the bosom of the dark earth.
Prosperity declines, happiness passes away
and covenants are broken.